The Complementary And Alternetive Medicine System
“The World Health Organization at its 1978 international conference held in the Soviet Union produced the Alma-Ata Health Declaration, which was designed to serve governments as a basis for planning health care that would reach people at all levels of society. The declaration reaffirmed that “health, which is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity, is a fundamental human right and that the attainment of the highest possible level of health is a most important world-wide social goal whose realization requires the action of many other social and economic sectors in addition to the health sector.” In its widest form the practice of medicine, that is to say the promotion and care of health, is concerned with this ideal.”
In the past decade we have seen an increased awareness of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in both public and governmental sectors. What today is called alternative medicine covers a wide range of disciplines, most of which are guided by the “healing model” of holistic medicine, which emphasizes the complex interplay between multiple factors: biochemical, environmental, psychological, and spiritual, as opposed to the biomedical model which reduces disease to a disturbance in biochemical process and relies heavily on the “curative model” of care.
Healthcare providers today are faced with challenging issues of health-promotion, disease prevention and management of chronic illnesses for which conventional medicine has offered only limited success. An increasingly knowledgeable patient population is now fueling the CAM movement by seeking alternatives to traditional treatments. The use of CAM modalities by Americans between 1990 and 1997 increased from 34% to 42% of the general population. In addition, the total number of visits to CAM providers increasedfrom 427 million to 629 million within this same time period. This number exceeds the total visits to all primary care physicians combined (386 million) in 1997.
Just a decade ago, alternative therapies were readily dismissed by physicians as fringe medicine, however today CAM is now beginning to earn attention and academic stature. The growing number of CAM clinics affiliated with hospitals, the expansion of CAM courses within academic medical education, and the increase in CAM benefits offered by insurers offer clear evidence of this trend.
The costs of CAM approaches and their potential risks and benefits provide a public health rationale for subjecting them to critical appraisal. In pursuit of this vision, the US Congress authorized in 1998 the establishment of a new component of the National Institutes of Health—the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine (“NCCAM”)—with a mandate to conduct CAM research, train CAM investigators, and disseminate authoritative information to practitioners and the public. That same year, the Journal of the American Medical Assoc. (JAMA) published a series of scientific studies in a special issue dedicated to alternative medicine. This was the first such effort by a mainstream US medical journal and was an attempt to meet doctors' needs for high-quality scientific information on treatments that more and more patients are trying.
This book provides wealthy information on the Complementary and Alternative Medicinal Systems. Chapters on other complementary therapies such as Aromatherapy, Yoga therapy, Naturopathy etc. are included which gives knowledge-based advice to the medical fraternity.There is enormous difference between complementary and alternative medicine system. The prime aim of both systems is to make healthy people. Without understanding the basic concepts of these systems there may be a chance for misbelief. Here we tried hard to explain these concepts.
Dr. Sandip G. Buddhadev & Mrs. Sheetal S. Buddhadev
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